HISTORY & ROLE
Indo-Tibetan Border Police was conceived on October 24, 1962.ITBP was initially raised under the CRPF Act, however in 1992, the parliament enacted the ITBPF Act and rules there under were framed in 1994.
Presently ITBP is deployed on border guarding duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3488 km of Indo-China Border and manning Border Outposts on altitudes ranging from 9000’ to 18700’ in the Western, Middle and Eastern Sector of the Indo-China Border.
The border posts manned by ITBP are exposed to high velocity storms, blizzards, avalanches, and landslides, besides the hazards of high altitude and extreme cold, where temperature dips up to minus 40 degree Celsius. ITBP conducts Long Range and Short Range patrols to keep an effective vigil on inaccessible and unmanned areas on the border. To maintain optimum operational efficiency of troops, periodical tactical exercises are conducted independently as well as jointly with Army.
Besides ITBP battalions are also deployed in Left Wing Extremism affected areas to curb the Maoism, Internal Security duties such as Assembly and Parliament Elections, Communal Riots, providing specialized security services to vital installations of Country, VA/Strategic locations and VIPs in Delhi and VIPs in Srinagar J&K.
Specially trained Commando’s of ITBP are providing security to Embassy of India in Kabul, Consulate General of India in Jalalabad and Kandhar in Afghanistan since November, 2002.
ITBP has also excelled in United Nations peace keeping operation. The Force personnel have been deployed for peacekeeping operations in Angola, Namibia, Cambodia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Mozambique and Kosovo. Presently 01 company of ITBP is deployed in United Nation Mission in Congo since November, 2005.
ITBP is also providing security to the pilgrims during Annual Kailash Mansarovar Yatra since 1981. ITBP provides communication, security and medical cover to the yatries from Gunji to Lipulekh Pass and back to Gunji in co-ordination with Ministry of External Affairs of India and Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam.
Being the first responder for natural disaster in the Himalayas, ITBPF has been carrying out numerous rescue and relief operations in this region. New challenging role that has emerged for ITBP is disaster management. Being the first responder for natural Disaster in Hamalayas, ITBP was the first to establish 08 Regional Response Centres in HP, Uttarakhand and North East and carried out numerous rescue and relief operations in various disaster situations, which took place in our areas of responsibility as well as other parts of the country. The rescue operation conducted by ITBP in flash flood of Kedarnath in Uttarakhand has been acknowledged by various authorities at international level.
ITBP has established a National Centre for Training in Search, Rescue & Disaster response at Bhanu, Haryana which is imparting training to personnel of ITBP and other Paramilitary / State Police Forces. ITBP is training its jawans and officers in Disaster Management in Radiological and Chemical/biological emergencies also. There is also a training center for the Dogs at Basic Training center situated at Bhanu. The center is known as NICD.
ITBPF is a specialized mountain Force and most of the officers & men are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers. They have scaled more than 140 Himalayan peaks including Mt. Everest Four times (Recent successful expedition in April-May, 2012),
ITBP is in the forefront of movement for the preservation of Himalayan environment & ecology. ITBP has taken up in a big way the task of greening the Himalayan regions especially in Inner Himalayas. Being the only human presence on forward areas, it has taken on itself the task of maintaining the delicate balance of flora and fauna.
Crest of the Force epitomizes the Force motto Shaurya Drindhdta Karamnishta has Ashoka and Chakra on Top with two rifles. It inspires men to put duty before self.
The mission of the Indo Tibetan Border Police Force shall be to ensure the security of the Borders of India effectively, to instill a sense of security among the inhabitants of these border areas, to prevent trans-border crimes, smuggling and unauthorized entry or exit from Indian Territory, to provide security to sensitive installations, banks and designated important dignitaries, with professionalism and to restore and preserve order efficiently in any area in the event of disturbance by upholding supremacy of the Constitution.
In discharging these functions each member of the Force shall aim to uphold the highest standards of human dignity and national integrity, assist in disaster management, preserve & restore flora and fauna in Himalayan region by placing ‘Velour, steadfastness and commitment’, above self- the sentinels of Himalayas.